Clusterin (CLU)

Clusterin (CLU) is the most widely accepted name for a highly conserved protein that has been identified independently by many different laboratories. Other names for CLU include: SGP2, S35-S45, apolipoprotein J, SP-40, 40, ADHC-9, gp80, GPIII, and testosterone-repressed prostate message (TRPM-2). Clusterin has been associated with the clearance of cellular debris and apoptosis. Other functions include the control of complement-mediated cell lysis, shuttling of aberrant beta-amyloid across the blood-brain barrier and lipid scavenging. The measurement of urinary or serum clusterin may play a role in the early detection of renal injury. Increased urinary levels have been observed in rat models of tubular proteinuria but not glomerular proteinuria. Increased levels have also been seen in Alzheimer?s patients.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P10909

Myriad RBM Publications Publications
Biomarker Changes in Response to a 12-Week Supplementation of an Oral Nutritional Supplement Enriched with Protein, Vitamin D and HMB in Malnourished Community Dwelling Older Adults with Sarcopenia (2022) Suzette L. Pereira , Marni E. Shoemaker, Susan Gawel, Gerard J. Davis Menghua Luo, Vikkie A. Mustad and Joel T. Cramer Nutrients
Influence of Genetic Ancestry on Human Serum Proteome (2020) Sjaarda J, Gerstein HC, Kutalik Z, Mohammadi-Shemirani P, Pigeyre M, Hess S, Pare G The American Journal of Human Genetics
The utility of novel urinary biomarkers in mice for drug development studies (2020) Adedeji AO, Gu YZ, Pourmohamad T, Kanerva J, Chen Y, Atabakhsh E, Tackett MR, Chen F, Bhatt B, Gury T, Dorchies O, Sonee M, Morgan M, Burkey J, Gautier JC, McDuffie JE International Journal of Toxicology
External Validation of a Pre-Transplant Biomarker Model (REVERSE) Predictive of Renal Recovery after Liver Transplantation (2019) Levitsky J, Asrani SK, Abecassis M, Ruiz R, Jennings LW, Klintmalm G Hepatology
Applying modern Omic technologies to the Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinoses. (2019) Kline RA, Wishart TM, Mills K, Heywood WE BBA - Molecular Basis of Disease
Hypothesis: cerebrospinal fluid protein markers suggest a pathway toward symptomatic resilience to AD pathology (2019) Meyer PF, Savard M, Poirier J, Morgan D, Breitner J, for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative Alzheimer's & Dementia
Discovery and validation of a biomarker model (preserve) predictive of renal outcomes after liver transplantation (2019) Levitsky J, Asrani SK, Klintmalm G, Schiano T, Moss A, Chavin K, Miller C, Guo K, Zhao L, Jennings LW, Brown M, Armstrong B, Abecassis M Hepatology
Methionine restriction delays aging-related urogenital diseases in male Fischer 344 rats. (2019) Komninou D, Malloy VL, Zimmerman JA, Sinha R, Richie JP Jr GeroScience
Dendritic cell immunotherapy followed by cART interruption during HIV-1 infection induces plasma protein markers of cellular immunity and neutrophil recruitment (2018) van den Ham HJ, Cooper J, Tomasik J, Bahn S, Aerts J, Oseterhaus A, Gruters R, Andeweg A PLoS One
Pharmacokinetics of Telavancin at Fixed Doses in Normal-Body-Weight and Obese (Classes I, II and III) Adult Subjexts (2018) Bunnell KL, Pai MP, Sikka M, Bleasdale S, Wenzler E, Danziger LH, Rodvold KA Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Evaluation of Novel Biomarkers of Nephrotoxicity in Cynomolgus Monkeys Treated with Gentamicin (2016) Gautier J-C, Zhou X, Yang Y, Gury T, Qu Z, Palazzi X, L?onard J-F, Slaoui M, Veeranagouda Y, Guizon I, Boitier E, Filali-Ansary A, van den Berg BHJ, Poetz O, Joos T, Zhang T, Wang J, Detilleux P, Li B Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Variation in Serum Biomarkers with Sex and Female Hormonal Status: Implications for Clinical Tests (2016) Ramsey JM, Cooper JD, Penninx BWJH, Bahn S Scientific Reports
A Potential Endophenotype for Alzheimer's Disease: Cerebrospinal Fluid Clusterin (2016) Deming Y, Xia J, Cai Y, Lord J, Holmans P, Bertelsen S, Holtzman D, Morris JC, Bales K, Pickering EH, Kauwe J, Goate A, Cruchaga C Neurobiology of Aging
Identification of Plexin A4 as a Novel Clusterin Receptor Links Two Alzheimer's Disease Risk Genes (2016) Kang SS, Kurti A, Wojtas A, Baker KE, Liu CC, Kanekiyo T, Deming Y, Cruchaga C, Estus S, Bu G, Fryer JD Human Molecular Genetics
Characterization of Renal Biomarkers for Use in Clinical Trials: Effect of Preanalytical Processing and Qualification Using Samples from Subjects with Diabetes (2015) Brott DA, Furlong ST, Adler SH, Hainer JW, Arani RB, Pinches M, Rossing P, Chaturvedi N Drug Design, Development and Therapy
The Role of Clusterin in Amyloid-B-Associated Neurodegeneration (2014) Desikan RS, Thompson WK, Holland D, Hess CP, Brewer JB, Zetterberg H, Blennow K, Andreassen OA, McEvoy LK, Hyman BT, Dale AM JAMA Neurology
Multiplex immunoassay analysis of plasma shows prominent upregulation of growth factor activity pathways linked to GSK3? signaling in bipolar patients (2013) Haenisch F, Alsaif M, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Dickerson F, Yolken R, Bahn S Journal of Affective Disorders
Plasma apolipoprotein levels are associated with cognitive status and decline in a community cohort of older individuals (2012) Song F, Poljak A, Crawford J, Kochan NA, Wen W, Cameron B, Lux O, Brodaty H, Mather K, Smythe GA, Sachdev PS PLoS One. 2012;7(6):e34078
Assessment of Biomarkers of Drug-induced Kidney Injury in Cynomolgus Monkeys Treated with a Triple Re-uptake Inhibitor (2011) Guha M, Heier A, Price S, Bielenstein M, Caccese RG, Heathcote DI, Simpson TR, Stong DB, Bodes E Toxicol Sci. 2011 Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print]
Plasma clusterin and the risk of Alzheimer disease (2011) Schrijvers EM, Koudstaal PJ, Hofman A, Breteler MM JAMA. 305: 1322-6
A guidance for renal biomarker lead optimization and use in translational pharmacodynamics (2010) Ozer JS Drug Discov Today15: 142-7.